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Microsoft's Data Fabric and Synapse analytics
  • Azure
  • Data Lake
  • Cloud Computing

Microsoft's Data Fabric and Azure Synapse for Seamless Analytics

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Editor’s note: This blog provides a comprehensive overview of Microsoft Fabric and its potential impact on organizations transitioning from Azure Synapse Analytics to Data Fabric. It breaks down elements so that each element is easily digestible.

In our previous blog on Microsoft Fabric: The data-verse for the AI era, we took a dive into Fabric, its advantages, and how OneLake serves as the backbone.

The inclusion of specific use cases further illustrates how Fabric can be leveraged across various industries. The comparisons and observations made throughout offer a balanced perspective on the benefits and challenges of transitioning to Fabric.

challenges of transitioning to Fabric

What is Microsoft Fabric? (Now has general availability)

Microsoft Fabric is an ultimate insights platform that enhances various analytics and data services from data movement to data science, real-time analytics, and business intelligence. It brings together Synapse Data Engineering, Data Factory, Synapse Data Science, Synapse Data Warehouse, Synapse Real-time Analytics, and Power BI into a unified environment.

The foundation of Fabric is OneLake, which serves as a unified data lake built on Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2. It eliminates the need for users to understand complex infrastructure concepts and enforces compliance with policies and security settings.

The introduction of mirroring as a capability implies a method for replicating data from various sources, such as Cosmos DB, Azure SQL DB, Mongo DB, and Snowflake. Mirroring can be essential for maintaining data consistency and ensuring that the analytics platform has access to the most up-to-date information.

In the pursuit of making the platform universal, Microsoft has made sure to make integration of data easy not only on Microsoft's cloud but "any cloud" providing multi-cloud support. This flexibility can be crucial for organizations with a multi-cloud strategy or those considering cloud migration.

Can Fabric Replace Azure Synapse?

Data Fabric serves as an overarching framework, akin to an operating system, facilitating the integration of multiple analytics applications and engines on the Azure platform. It doesn't supplant tools like Synapse or Power BI; rather, it enhances their functionality within the Fabric ecosystem.

Notably, a new SQL engine is poised to replace dedicated SQL pools in Synapse, amalgamating the strengths of both serverless and dedicated engines for heightened flexibility and power. This engine efficiently reads and processes parquet files, ensuring seamless compatibility across various data formats. With Fabric, users gain access to a comprehensive suite of data warehousing capabilities, harnessing the collective advantages of different engines and tools for a more robust analytics experience.

Here is a YouTube video for a better understanding of this topic.

An overview of features-

  • The platform is designed to work seamlessly with hybrid cloud architectures, including Azure, Snowflake, AWS, and Google Cloud.
  • One Lake is where all data is stored in an open Delta parquet format, ensuring standardized accessibility across different tools and services within Microsoft Fabric.
  • Users can access their data from any device through OneDrive-like functionality, making it highly convenient for collaboration and access.
  • Shortcuts allow users to query data from different cloud providers without the need for data migration.
  • AI integrations include chat capabilities for interacting with data and the integration of Copilot for tasks like writing SQL queries and asking questions about data.
  • The platform holds the potential to alleviate challenges associated with data silos and migration, though its effectiveness will be confirmed with real-world usage.

As we have learned, Microsoft Fabric serves as a comprehensive solution that amplifies the capabilities of Azure Synapse. It achieves this by seamlessly integrating it into a broader ecosystem of systems, utilizing an open file format for simplified governance. This integration also facilitates the creation of new models and data pipelines.". If you want to gain a more technical understanding of this blog by endjin takes a deep dive.

Now, we can examine each component within Fabric to gain a deeper understanding of how each one plays a crucial role in creating a whole that is greater than the sum of its parts.

Here’s a refresher about Azure Synapse

It is an enterprise analytics service for data warehouses and big data systems. It integrates SQL, Spark, Data Explorer, Pipelines, and other Azure services.

SQL Capabilities

- Distributed query system for T-SQL.

- Supports data warehousing, data virtualization, streaming, and machine learning.

- Offers serverless and dedicated resource models.

Apache Spark Integration

- Seamlessly integrates Apache Spark for data prep, engineering, ETL, and ML.

- Supports SparkML algorithms and AzureML integration.

- Simplified resource management and autoscaling.

Data Lake Integration

- Enables seamless use of SQL and Spark together.

- Tables defined on data lake files accessible by both SQL and Spark.

- Direct exploration and analysis of various file formats.

Data Integration and ETL

- Includes Data Integration engine from Azure Data Factory.

- Supports ETL pipelines with code-free data flow activities.

- Orchestration of various tasks like notebooks, Spark jobs, stored procedures, and more.

Data Explorer

- Provides interactive query experience for log and telemetry data.

- Optimized for log analytics with powerful indexing technology.

- Supports pattern recognition, anomaly detection, and more.

Unified Experience with Synapse Studio

- Centralized platform for building, maintaining, and securing solutions.

- Perform tasks like ingestion, exploration, preparation, orchestration, and visualization.

- Monitor resources, usage, and users across SQL, Spark, and Data Explorer.

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

- Simplifies access to analytics resources.

- Supports writing SQL, Spark, or KQL code and integration with CI/CD processes.

Uncover the Untold Secrets of Azure Synapse Analytics! Discover Its Origin, Architecture, and Incredible Benefits Now.

How Data Activator will enhance decision making

/introducing data activator

Data Activator, a part of Microsoft Fabric, enables dynamic monitoring of operational data in real-time or batch, triggering automated actions based on predefined conditions, and enhancing proactive decision-making and issue resolution. It seamlessly integrates with various applications like Teams, email, and Power Automate workflows, ensuring efficient data management and governance within Microsoft Fabric's comprehensive analytics ecosystem.

If you want to know more about the topic, you can watch the video by Microsoft on YouTube.

Onelake: serving as the backbone of fabric

OneLake is a unified data lake within Microsoft Fabric, akin to OneDrive for data. It serves as a central repository for an organization's analytics data, eliminating the need for multiple separate data lakes. Each Microsoft Fabric tenant is automatically provisioned with OneLake.

It supports distributed ownership, enabling collaboration across different business units within a tenant. OneLake is built on Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 and is compatible with various file types. It stores data in Delta Parquet format, allowing seamless access through APIs and SDKs.

Shortcuts facilitate data sharing without duplication, and data can be used by multiple analytical engines, including T-SQL, Spark, and Analysis Services, eliminating the need for data copying. This integration offers flexibility for different teams, enabling them to use the most suitable analytical engine for their specific tasks. OneLake streamlines data access, management, and collaboration, enhancing organizational efficiency in data analytics.

Migration considerations for transitioning from azure synapse to microsoft data fabric:

  • OPENROWSET syntax is not supported, but similar functionality is available via structured data in the "Tables" area.
  • Synapse Link is not yet available in Fabric.
  • Fabric offers seamless integration with Azure Machine Learning and enhanced integration with Power BI.
  • It offers faster Spark infrastructure start-up time (20-30 seconds compared to 3-4 minutes in Synapse).
  • Features “New Notebooks” for collaboration and data exploration. It also can work locally on Spark-based functionality in VS Code.
  • Enhanced Git integration in Fabric for better tracking and reviewing of changes.
  • No automatic upgrade path for existing azure synapse analytics workloads to microsoft fabric.
  • Mapping Data Flows are not supported in Fabric.

Adopts a capacity-based commercial model, potentially impacting TCO. (Total cost of Ownership). Migration may be more straightforward for organizations with predominantly Spark-based workloads.


Evaluate the impact on the Total Cost Of Ownership, consider the pros and cons of SaaS, and assess vendor lock-in.

Consider time to value, minimization of technical debt, and potential impact on Azure costs.

Assess new features and their alignment with long-term data & analytics strategy.

Industry-based Use Cases

Here are some short format use cases for Microsoft Fabric across different industries:


- Enhancing customer insights and personalization.

- Ingesting data from POS (Point of Sale) systems, e-commerce platforms, and loyalty programs.

- Segmenting customers and generating recommendations.


- Optimizing production processes and reducing costs.

- Ingesting data from sensors, machines, and ERP systems.

- Analyzing production performance and identifying inefficiencies.

Finance and Insurance

- Detecting fraud and preventing financial crimes.

- Ingesting data from transactions, accounts, and customers.

- Identifying suspicious patterns and anomalies.

We can assist in implementing Microsoft Fabric

At Polestar, we help enterprises in harnessing the power of data, specializing in Azure implementation. Our expert team leverages Azure's robust ecosystem to design and deploy data architectures, ensuring optimal integration, governance, and security.

With a tailored approach, we empower businesses to unlock actionable insights and drive informed decision-making.

Here is a brief about our services in the Data fabric domain.

  • Design Data Architecture- Develop a tailored Data Fabric architecture using Azure services.
  • Data Governance and Security- Establish data governance policies and ensure compliance with industry regulations.
  • Data Integration and ETL Processes- Design and implement data integration workflows and ETL processes.
  • Optimize Data Storage and Formats- Opt for efficient storage formats like Parquet and implement partitioning and indexing.
  • Data Catalog and Metadata Management- Implement a robust data catalog and ensure comprehensive metadata management.
  • Advanced Analytics and ML- Leverage Azure Machine Learning and other tools for advanced analytics.
  • Visualization and Reporting- Integrate Power BI or other visualization tools for insights.
  • Training and Change Management- Provide training sessions and develop change management strategies.

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